In the final winter of his presidency, Theodore Roosevelt was in a quandary. One of the first things Roosevelt did when he took office was to give himself the authority to create national forests and reserves. In March of Roosevelt’s last term, Congress attached a rider to the agricultural appropriations bill rescinding the ability of the president to create forests and reserves in the six “northwestern states”. Roosevelt felt compelled to sign the bill but realized he didn’t have to sign it for eight days. During those eight days, with the help of Chief of the Forest Service, Gifford Pinchot, he created 22 more national forests to add to the 128 he had already established.